Friday, September 14, 2007

Schwarze Galle

Bei meiner Recherche zu Melancholie bin ich auf den "schwarzen Gallensaft" gestoßen. So heißt die wörtliche Übersetzung von Melancholie. Der Begriff tauchte in der antiken griechischen Medizin gut ein halbes Jahrtausend vor Christi Geburt auf.(1) Er ist einer der vier "Säfte" in der Humoralpathalogie. So lautet der Fachbegriff für Lehre der 4 Temperamente auch die 4-Säfte Lehre genannt. Besitzt der Mensch ein Übermaß an schwarzer Galle und "... wird sie übermäßig erwärmt ruft sie übersteigerte Hochgefühle wie Gesang ... hervor."(2) Was ich unweigerlich mit meinem Schlagwort Stimmungsschwankung in Verbindung bringe. (Ich werde die Schlagwörter später an entsprechender Stelle mal versuchen aufzulisten).
Nun jedoch erstmal zur Humoralpathalogie. Was sind die anderen 3 „Säfte“? Zum einen das Blut (sanguis), der Schleim (phlegma) und die gelbe Galle (cholera). Bereits bei den Pythagoreen gab es ein heilige Vierheit der naturphilosophischen Betrachtungen. Es gibt: Feuer, Wasser, Luft, Erde, und auf den Kosmos bezogen: Sonne, Meer, Himmel und Erde. Melancholie wird der Erde zugeordnet. Sie steht auch für den Herbst und das Erwachsenalter. Wobei ich gerade bei einer Alterszuweisung von unterschiedliche Ansichten gelesen habe. Andere sehen es eher im Jugendalter, worauf ich an andere Stelle noch mal zurückkommen werde. Bei der schwarzen Galle ist besonders interessant, dass sie im Gegensatz zu den anderen 3 „Säften“ nicht im menschlichen Körper vorkommt.(3) Sie ist demnach eine Fehlkonzeption in sich und „..gewissermaßen das „Schwarze Loch“ im Universum der menschlichen Selbsterkundung und Selbsterkenntnis.“(4) Melancholie dieses Gemisch aus scheinbar grundloser Traurigkeit, unentwegter Grübelei und Pessimismus mit Hang zum romantischen, hat keine Basis. Auch ist es das einzige der 4 Temperamente, welches reflexiv ist. Vielleicht ist es auch gerade der Schmerz der Reflexion. Während alle anderen Temperamente einen Bezug zur Welt einnehmen und ein Verhältnis ihr gegenüber zum Ausdruck bringen, stellt die Melancholie ein Verhältnis zu sich selbst dar. Was Mich nicht unmittelbar betrifft interessiert mich auch nicht! Nur wenn es um das eigene Selbst geht, erfährt enorme Wichtigkeit.(5)
Selbstverständlich ist auch mir das nicht fremd, wohl eher das Gegenteil. Demnächst folgt noch einiges mehr zum Thema Melancholie. So werde ich kurz auf die Weiterentwicklung seit der Antike eingehen. Hierbei handelt es sich um den religiös geprägten Begriff der Acedia und den Begriff der Hypochondrie wie er in der Zeit der Aufklärung Einzug fand. Im Allgemeinen möchte ich das Thema Melancholie als Gefühl noch intensiver beleuchten. Werde dabei die Trauer als Ausgangspunkt nehmen, die gewissermaßen Teil wenn nicht Hauptbestandteil ist.
Warum also “schwarze Galle”? Wegen der Bilder und Symboliken die ich in meine Arbeite einfließen lassen möchte. Ich habe bisher gerne Elemente gesammelt oder Bilder und Szenen, die ich dann verbunden habe. Hier nun sehe ich menschliche Körper unterschiedlich stark mit schwarzer, zähflüssiger Gallenflüssigkeit gefüllt. Vielleicht quillt es dem einem schon aus den Ohren, der Nase, den Mund oder den Augen. Ich sehe es fließen! Ein pechschwarzes Bächlein durch ein saftig grünes Tal, in dem lauter bunte Blumen blühen, farbenprächtige Vögel sich auf überwältigenden Baumkronen niederlassen. (Ja, theatralisch kommt auch unter meinen Schlagwörtern vor.) Man dümpelt dahin in seiner Schwermut ohne dabei das Schöne wahrzunehmen. Gleichzeitig kann aber gerade das Schöne auch der Anlass zur Traurigkeit sein.
Ich mag die Idee der schwarzen Galle. Schwarz ist düster, schwer und bildet einen schönen Kontrast zu anderen Farben.

1 - Lambrecht, Roland (1996): Der Geist der Melancholie. S. 32, München, Wilhelm Fink Verlag

2 - Demmerling, Christoph; Landweer, Hilge (2007): Philosophie der Gefühle. Von Achtung bis Zorn. S. 271, Weimar, Verlag J.B. Metzler Stuttgart

3 - Lambrecht, Roland (1996): Der Geist der Melancholie. S. 33, München, Wilhelm Fink Verlag

4 - ebd. S. 32
5 - ebd. S. 12

56 comments:

  1. [url=http://firgonbares.net/][img]http://firgonbares.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
    [b]filemaker pro, [url=http://firgonbares.net/]adobe software company[/url]
    [url=http://firgonbares.net/][/url] Suite 4 Design educational software for children
    buy computer software in [url=http://firgonbares.net/]i sell used software[/url] free price list software
    [url=http://firgonbares.net/]buy cheap oem software[/url] nero vision
    [url=http://firgonbares.net/]adobe photoshop extended cs4 student for mac[/url] nero 8
    selling my software [url=http://firgonbares.net/]buy adobe photoshop and[/b]

    ReplyDelete
  2. [url=http://bariossetos.net/][img]http://hopresovees.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
    [b]software programs to buy, [url=http://vonmertoes.net/]map software price[/url]
    [url=http://bariossetos.net/][/url] where to buy linux software teacher software discounts
    windows xp upgrade [url=http://hopresovees.net/]free download of adobe photoshop 7 for mac[/url] order free softwares
    [url=http://vonmertoes.net/]pro discount software[/url] software on sale
    [url=http://vonmertoes.net/]shopping cart software[/url] Content Bento 2 Mac
    software purchases in [url=http://vonmertoes.net/]fun educational software[/b]

    ReplyDelete
  3. [url=http://rastimores.net/][img]http://akreoplastoes.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
    [b]adobe creative suite 3 mac upgrade, [url=http://akreoplastoes.net/]college software discount[/url]
    [url=http://rastimores.net/]microsoft office home and student edition 2003 serials[/url] buy software cheap downloadable oem software
    windows xp activation code [url=http://akreoplastoes.net/]software for reselling[/url] mac adobe acrobat 9 trial download
    [url=http://rastimores.net/]exan academic software[/url] Pro Mac Retail
    [url=http://akreoplastoes.net/]ADDED Software[/url] softwares to buy
    microsoft academic software [url=http://rastimores.net/]make or buy software[/url][/b]

    ReplyDelete
  4. tarife private krankenversicherung Krankenversicherung Vergleich und pkv private krankenversicherung, private krankenkasse krankenversicherungen privat,private zusatzkrankenversicherung und private krankenversicherung beitrag, privat krankenversichern private krankenversicherung für beamte

    privatkrankenversicherung und private krankenversicherung für kinder

    ReplyDelete
  5. Haben Sie die Übersetzung professionell überprüfen lassen?

    Ich kann Ihnen eine gute Übersetzungsagentur empfehlen.

    http://www.profi-fachuebersetzung.de

    ReplyDelete
  6. Wie kann ich Sie bitten um weitere Informationen? Great post müssen mehr wissen ....

    ReplyDelete
  7. It's an awesome paragraph for all the online users; they will get advantage from it I am sure.

    Also visit my web page; private krankenversicherungen kosten
    Also visit my web-site

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hi there, I log on to your blogs on a regular basis.
    Your story-telling style is witty, keep doing what you're doing!
    Feel free to surf my web site :: credit ohne schufa auskunft

    ReplyDelete
  9. I'll immediately clutch your rss feed as I can't in finding your email subscription link or newsletter
    service. Do you have any? Please permit me recognize
    in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Check out my web blog ... ombudsmann private krankenversicherung
    Also visit my webpage :

    ReplyDelete
  10. great submit, very informative. I wonder why the
    other experts of this sector do not notice this.
    You should proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a huge
    readers' base already!

    Also visit my blog post: How To Use Clickbank To Make Money
    Also visit my web site -

    ReplyDelete
  11. I really like what you guys tend to be up too.

    Such clever work and exposure! Keep up the amazing works guys I've incorporated you guys to my blogroll.
    Also visit my homepage - how to make money from clickbank

    ReplyDelete
  12. This is my first time pay a quick visit
    at here and i am actually impressed to read everthing at alone place.
    Feel free to visit my web blog preiswerte private Krankenversicherung

    ReplyDelete
  13. This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am actually impressed to read everthing at
    alone place.
    Also see my webpage > preiswerte private Krankenversicherung

    ReplyDelete
  14. I got this site from my buddy who told me about this website and at the moment this time I am
    browsing this site and reading very informative articles
    here.
    Feel free to visit my page : test private krankenversicherung

    ReplyDelete
  15. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody?
    This paragraph posted at this web page is genuinely pleasant.
    Also visit my homepage ... Hosting a website

    ReplyDelete
  16. I simply could not go away your web site before suggesting that I actually loved the
    standard info a person provide for your guests?

    Is going to be back continuously to investigate cross-check new posts
    Look into my homepage ; bahamas all inclusive resorts

    ReplyDelete
  17. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.

    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!
    By the way, how can we communicate?

    Look into my blog post :: krankenversicherung günstig
    Here is my weblog ...

    ReplyDelete
  18. Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It's on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!
    Have a look at my homepage ; make money free online

    ReplyDelete
  19. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly enjoy reading
    through your articles. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums
    that deal with the same topics? Many thanks!
    my website - entrepreneur ideas for college students

    ReplyDelete
  20. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be
    honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I'll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back down the road. Many thanks
    Feel free to visit my webpage : great deals on all inclusive vacations

    ReplyDelete
  21. I was recommended this web site by my cousin.
    I'm not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble. You're incredible!

    Thanks!
    Have a look at my website ... private loan interest rates

    ReplyDelete
  22. Hi there mates, how is the whole thing, and what you would like to say concerning this piece of writing, in my view its really awesome for me.
    My weblog - private krankenkasse deutschland

    ReplyDelete
  23. Admiring the hard work you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.
    It's awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same out of date rehashed material.
    Great read! I've bookmarked your site and I'm including your RSS feeds to my Google account.


    Feel free to visit my weblog Winona Rayburn - Alatorax - THE Press Release Portal
    Also see my page :: linked website

    ReplyDelete
  24. I have read so many articles or reviews on the topic of the blogger lovers but this post is actually a
    good piece of writing, keep it up.
    Feel free to visit my weblog ... kredit ohne schufa österreich

    ReplyDelete
  25. This post presents clear idea designed for the new visitors of blogging, that
    really how to do blogging.
    Here is my web site : get fha loan bad credit

    ReplyDelete
  26. Spot on with this write-up, I actually think this web site needs a lot more attention.
    I'll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the advice!
    Here is my weblog ; best reseller account

    ReplyDelete
  27. Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great
    article on our site. Keep up the great writing.
    Feel free to surf my website Latest Clickbank products

    ReplyDelete
  28. Admiring the time and energy you put into your site and detailed information
    you provide. It's good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same out of date rehashed material.
    Wonderful read! I've bookmarked your site and I'm including your RSS feeds to my Google account.
    Here is my web site - familienversicherung krankenkasse

    ReplyDelete
  29. Highly energetic blog, I liked that a lot. Will there
    be a part 2?

    Look into my web site http://floridahsfootball.com/flhsfbpedia/index.php?title=User:StefanHar
    Feel free to surf my page :: online kredite ohne schufa auskunft

    ReplyDelete
  30. Simply desire to say your article is as astonishing.

    The clearness in your post is simply cool and i can assume
    you're an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

    my webpage :: zimbio.com

    ReplyDelete
  31. I really like what you guys are usually up too.
    This type of clever work and coverage! Keep up the great works guys I've incorporated you guys to our blogroll.

    My website ... umschuldung kredit trotz schufa

    ReplyDelete
  32. I love what you guys are usually up too. This kind
    of clever work and exposure! Keep up the amazing works guys I've you guys to my personal blogroll.

    Have a look at my homepage - Http://Wiki.Softwarefreedomday.Org/Caryq52

    ReplyDelete
  33. Howdy! I simply would like to offer you a big thumbs up for the great
    info you have right here on this post. I'll be coming back to your web site for more soon.

    my homepage - please click for source

    ReplyDelete
  34. Thanks for sharing your thoughts on acquaintance.
    Regards

    Also visit my page - legitimate work at home opportunities

    ReplyDelete
  35. Good answers in return of this issue with solid
    arguments and explaining everything concerning
    that.

    Look into my web site: www.biofalu.hu

    ReplyDelete
  36. Its not my first time to visit this website,
    i am browsing this web site dailly and get pleasant facts from here all the time.



    Also visit my blog - Email Console

    ReplyDelete
  37. What i do not understood is in truth how you are not really
    much more well-favored than you might be now. You are so intelligent.
    You already know thus considerably in terms of this topic, produced me personally believe it from numerous various angles.
    Its like men and women don't seem to be involved unless it is one thing to do with Girl gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times care for it up!

    my web blog ... click the up coming site

    ReplyDelete
  38. Hello there! I just would like to give you a huge thumbs up for the excellent information you've got here on this post. I'll be coming back to your blog for more soon.


    Also visit my web site Get Paid For

    ReplyDelete
  39. When some one searches for his vital thing, thus he/she wishes to
    be available that in detail, therefore that thing is maintained over here.


    my site ... sex games

    ReplyDelete
  40. Every weekend i used to visit this site, for the reason that i wish for enjoyment, as this this web page
    conations in fact nice funny information too.

    Feel free to visit my weblog :: exchange virtapay

    ReplyDelete
  41. These are genuinely wonderful ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some nice points here. Any way keep up wrinting.


    My blog; aimbot.net

    ReplyDelete
  42. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am
    inspired! Extremely useful information particularly the closing section
    :) I care for such info much. I was seeking this particular information for a
    very lengthy time. Thanks and good luck.

    My blog - all inclusive caribbean deals

    ReplyDelete
  43. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but after I
    clicked submit my comment didn't appear. Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again.
    Anyhow, just wanted to say great blog!

    My homepage Banken Kredit

    ReplyDelete
  44. Good post. I certainly appreciate this site. Stick with it!



    my blog post :: linkbucks bot

    ReplyDelete
  45. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours these days, yet I by
    no means discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It's pretty value enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the web might be much more useful than ever before. "When there is a lack of honor in government, the morals of the whole people are poisoned." by Herbert Clark Hoover.

    Also visit my blog :: psn codes

    ReplyDelete
  46. I think this website has some real good information for everyone :
    D. "Heat cannot be separated from fire, or beauty from The Eternal." by Alighieri Dante.


    Feel free to surf to my web site: linkbucks

    ReplyDelete
  47. I've been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So i'm happy to exhibit
    that I've a very excellent uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I such a lot for sure will make sure to don?t omit this web site and provides it a glance regularly.

    My web-site - Forgot Password

    ReplyDelete
  48. I'd like to find out more? I'd care to find out more details.


    Here is my homepage ... make easy money

    ReplyDelete
  49. It's not my first time to visit this web page, i am browsing this web site dailly and get nice facts from here all the time.

    my homepage; Complete Offers For cash

    ReplyDelete
  50. I'd like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this site. I am hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal website now ;)

    Here is my site ... novoline wiki

    ReplyDelete
  51. It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this excellent blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for
    bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google
    account. I look forward to brand new updates and
    will share this website with my Facebook group. Chat soon!


    My web blog ... cheating castleville

    ReplyDelete
  52. Elle aura empch l d rflexion sur l des Franais".daily. [url=http://louisvuittonpurse1.webnode.jp"]ルイヴィトン 財布[/url] Avec l'leveur, JeanPhilippe Mournaud, install dans le Calvados, PuteauenAuge.Parents Woodie and Michelle talked about their ease in meeting neighbors after moving to the community two and onehalf years ago from Boston. [url=http://www.karenmillenonlineoutlet.com]karen millen dresses uk[/url] In Native society, on the day of your birth, you are born to a large extended family, immediately having the protection of the entire Native Nation.If you in town the second Saturday of the month, meet at the atrium at the Landing Mall for a guided tour. [url=http://sacspliagelongchamps9.webnode.fr]sac longchamp[/url] romain sur Accident de chasse Clayes : le ciseau aboie,.For Laura and Julie, all that was already history. [url=http://www.mulberryoutletukhome.com]mulberry outlet uk[/url] Djibouti.Vanuatu. [url=http://ghingkiollo.webeden.co.uk]ghingkiollo.webeden.co.uk[/url] Je ne peux pas ncessairement le mettre hors de lancel premier flirt l en plus souhait pour le happer compltement de l de mon ordinateur personnel.If you test positive for both and you have symptoms, you may develop a more severe form of RA that is more painful, affects more joints, and may result in deformities in your hands and feet.[url=http://www.mulberryoutletukhome.com]mulberry outlet uk[/url] Solution Ce Probl une entreprise qui vous devriez probablement commencer scrapbooking projets devient fatale sentiment re ' menace.En 2009, el gobierno mexicano otorg 22 concesiones a la minera canadiense First Majestic para la explotacin de plata. [url=http://vuittonbagssale.webnode.jp]ヴィトン バッグ[/url] Mozambique.Greenpeace estimates that some 20 per cent of Spain's coastline is now urban and a further 40 per cent has lost its natural state.

    ReplyDelete
  53. It's hard to come by knowledgeable people for this topic, however, you seem like you know what you're talking about!

    Thanks

    Look at my webpage: favorite poker player

    ReplyDelete
  54. Good day! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having difficulty finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

    my page :: youtube blaster updated 2013 ()

    ReplyDelete
  55. Excellent, what a weblog it is! This web site provides valuable facts to us, keep it up.



    Feel free to surf to my site; Great GPT Site - -

    ReplyDelete